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Peace, War, and Defense

401 Hamilton Hall, CB# 3200
(919) 962-3093

First Session, 2022

PWAD 250 Introduction in Peace and Security Studies (3)

MAYMESTER. In this course, we will examine global security challenges such as international wars, internal wars, non-state violence, economic disputes, financial crises, and problems of coordination and cooperation. We will adopt a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing on lessons from political science, economics, history, sociology, and anthropology. We will begin by examining problems of international security, such as interstate crises and war, and develop an understanding of the bureaucracies tasked with managing these issues. In the second section of the course, we will first examine conflict associated with non-state actors, and will then discuss non-traditional security issues, such as financial crises and problems of common pooled resources. Throughout, we will use scientific research and historical analyses to gain a better grasp on the dynamics of security problems in the international system.

Second Session, 2022

PWAD 364 Post-Conflict and Peacebuilding (3)

This course considers theories of peacebuilding and state-building, investigates the various challenges facing post-conflict states, and assesses the role that international actors play in this process. Case study based. War is hell, but trying to establish peace after years of bloody conflict and genocide can produce its own pain. What should war-torn countries do to promote reconciliation and healing? Is it possible to establish peace without politicizing the pain of a traumatized nation? What legal options are available to deter future atrocities? Can the victors hold the perpetrators accountable by putting them on trial without destabilizing the country or being accused of “victor’s justice”? This course examines the range of judicial and non-judicial mechanisms for dealing with a country’s large-scale abuses of human rights, as well as violations of international humanitarian law. These mechanisms are intended to transition a country from war to peace, and in many cases from authoritarian to democratic forms of government. The goal is to rebuild a society based on the rule of law, but this process is often fraught with controversy, as the road to peace is seldom easy. By analyzing examples since World War II, students will understand why a one-size-fits-all approach to transitional justice is deeply flawed and why context is the key to securing lasting tranquility between warring factions.